European Union

European Union

The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 27 European countries that together cover much of the continent. The predecessor of the EU, The European Economic Community (EEC) was created in 1953 in the aftermath of the Second World War to increase economic cooperation between Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Since then, 22 other members joined and a huge single market has been created and continues to develop towards its full potential. What began as a purely economic union has evolved into an organization spanning policy areas, from climate, environment, and health to external relations and security, justice, and migration. A name change from EEC to the European Union (EU) in 1993 reflected this.